Ethiopia has issued various strategic and institutional frameworks to be applied in the effort to manage the environment. The regulatory framework ranges from the supreme law of the country, the constitution, to various specific environmental standards. Whereas the institutional arrangements extended from the federal to the local levels.
Ethiopia’s Constitution incorporates a number of provisions relevant to the protection, sustainable use, and improvement of the country’s environment. Article 44 guarantees “the right to a clean and healthy environment,” while Article 43 pledges “the right . . . to sustainable development.” Additionally, Articles 89 and 92 require national policy and government activities to be compatible with environmental health. Article 89 further obliges the government to ensure sustainable development, work for the common benefit of the community, and promote the participation of the people, including women, in the creation of national development policies and programs. Moreover, according to Article 91, the government is duty-bound to protect and support cultures, traditions, natural endowments, and historical sites and objects. The incorporation of these important provisions into the supreme law of the land has raised environmental issues to the level of fundamental human rights.
The Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC) is the Federal institution for managing the Environment of Ethiopia. EFCCC is responsible to ensure the realization of the environmental rights, goals, objectives and basic principles enshrined in the Constitution. As well as the Environment Policy of Ethiopia through coordinating appropriate measures, establishing systems, developing programs and mechanisms for the welfare of humans and the safety of the environment.
It is mandated to formulate or initiate and coordinate the formulation of strategies, policies, laws and standards as well as procedures and up on approval monitor and enforce their implementation. It is also responsible for the synergistic implementation and follow-up of international and regional environmental agreements. Including those pertaining to hazardous chemicals, industrial wastes and anthropogenic environmental hazards in which Ethiopia is a party. All MEA’s are currently being coordinated and monitored by the Environment, Forest and climate Change Commission.
Mission, Vision And Core Values
“Preparing a system and ensuring implementation of environment and forest resources management, development, utilization and its sustainable contribution to poverty reduction, perform & coordinate research and technology transformation, promoting education and awareness raising, coordinating the implementation of Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE), building implementers capacity, promoting investment in forest sector and marketing, lead and follow-up implementation of international accords, and preparing situational progress reports on environment and forest related issues.”
As its vision, the Commission aspires to see Ethiopia that has built Climate Resilient Green Economy and reach the Middle Income Country status by 2025 through ensuring sustainable environment and forest management, development and utilization.
EFCCC is guided by the following core values/principles:
- Efficiency and effectiveness
- Team spirit